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Citing Sources

Citation Tutorials

APA Handbook          CSE Manual          MLA 8th edition book cover

This page will help you learn about crediting external sources, such as journal articles and books, in your research papers and research projects. Each tutorial listed in this box starts with the same 18 slides about the reference list or citation list. This first section identifies citations and why they are used in research papers. It also discusses common elements of all citations and reference lists.

The second part of each tutorial goes in depth about a specific citation style. The basic pattern for journal articles, newspaper articles and books are provided, as well as examples and a practice activity for each type of citation. A PowerPoint is also provided based on each tutorial as this program is easy to use to create a handout. Find the handout in the "Resources" button at the top right corner of the tutorial.

These tutorials are created in Articulate Storyline. This software allows the browser window to adjust to the size of your computer. Therefore, the citations do not all appear to be nicely formatted with hanging indentation, which is required for a correctly formatted reference list. The practice activities may also not have correct hanging indentation. However, more important than the paragraph formatting is the placement of each piece of information in the citation. Please be aware of this limitation.

We hope you find these tutorials helpful as you conduct research and complete the writing process. Please let us know if there are errors.

If you have difficulty accessing these tutorials, try opening them in Google Chrome.

The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the style guide Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The tutorial in this box provides some general information about citations or references, and also more detailed information about end citations using APA style.

APA presentation title slide

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) publishes the style guide Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. The tutorial in this box provides some general information about citations or references, and also more detailed information about end citations using CSE style.

CSE tutorial title slide

As you learn in this tutorial, CSE requires journal abbreviations to be used in the citations. One-word titles are not abbreviated, but other titles must use ISSN standard word abbreviations. These abbreviations are also found on the CSE Quick Guide site.

The Modern Language Association (MLA) publishes the style guide MLA Handbook. The tutorial in this box provides some general information about citations or references, and also more detailed information about end citations using MLA style.

MLA presentation title slide

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